Communication interne dans une pme (la) (Dynamiques dentreprises) (French Edition)
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This provides a useful platform for future empirical research on the impact of servitization on supply chain management. Ses avantages sont multiples. Both cluster and value chain approaches emphasize the role of cluster governance in fostering innovation, upgrading and sustainability as en essential complement to transaction costs and incidental synergies arising from agglomeration.
Nevertheless, recent contributions have stressed that more attention needs to be paid to the concrete governance practices that facilitate the emergence of a specific institutional environment conducive to enhanced collaboration for innovation and upgrading. In this study, we contribute to this debate developing an integrative framework of 8 sets of institutional practices of innovation grouped around three main levers — political, normative and cognitive.
Based on a comparative case study of three French clusters of innovation — one technopole and two recent competitiveness clusters — we find that 1 each cluster governances activates all institutional levers and practices but with a high variation of intensity, and that 2 these variations of intensity match the upgrading at the cluster level. To explore the consequences of category spanning on audience appeal, most of the studies only take into account an overall evaluation of multiple category members, but not an evaluation for each category spanned.
Everything takes place as if a multi-category firm receives a unique and all-encompassing evaluation. Yet, a multi-category firm gets several audience evaluations — one for each category spanned — that affect each other. This paper fills this gap between the empirical tests 1 unique overall evaluation for multi-category members and the theoretical assumption in the literature several specific evaluations connected by audiences leading to confusion.
Our proposition invites critical scholars to reconsider the performative potential of the organizational culture concept particularly for alternatives organizations. After having recognized a general, contextualized and somewhat legitimate anti-performative stance of what we call Critical Researches on Organizational Culture CROC , we rely on recent pleas for critical performativity to suggest tactics and research inquiries in favor of a more performative approach.
More precisely, we propose that performative CROC would 1 principally concentrate on alternatives, 2 seek comprehensive frameworks for observing and analyzing cultural tensions in such organizations and 3 overcome the against culture stance that usually emanate from CROC literature in allowing and encouraging local and progressive forms of cultural management. Such tactics, we believe, might contribute practically and empirically to the following: reconsider the contribution and limits of critical research on organizational culture CROC in organizational theory; apply the idea of critical performativity to organizational culture researches, develop cultural researches on alternatives and imagine alternative and pragmatic ways for studying and managing cultural matters on such organizations.
This paper questions if the most advanced companies in terms of internationalization tend to reduce their international exposure overtime. On a sample of highly internationalized multinationals observed over a 10 year-period , we discuss and explore the effects of internationalization on performance and we find an inverted U-shaped relationship between internationalization, confirming the existence of an optimal degree of internationalization. The major finding of this research is that beyond this optimum, the most advanced companies in terms of internationalization tend to reduce their international footprint over time, unlike the other companies.
What remains of power and resistance when the fundamental antagonism between capital and labour — traditionally considered their main determinant within organisation studies — is absent?
In order to investigate this question, the present study draws on a piece of ethnographic work, namely one year of participant observation as a factory worker, which I conducted within a French co-operative sheet-metal factory. Three forms of daily struggle around power relations appear to be central for members of the co-operative in circumventing the coalescence of power in the hands of their chiefs: a relentlessly voiced refusal of the divide between chiefs and lay members; a permanent requirement for accountability, and endless overt critique towards chiefs; and the use of schoolboy humour.
Reflecting on such mechanisms leads to my questioning traditional conceptions of power and resistance within organisation studies, ultimately endorsing the view that power relationships are the contingent outcome of contextual configurations of practices. In these, power and resistance are no longer readily discernible rather than resistance being considered a detached reaction to power , and the related role assignations are constantly shifting rather than power being the fixed attribute of managers, and resistance that of subordinate workers.
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Additionally, it suggests that such configurations of practices may well rely on little equipped and little formalised mechanisms — rather than sophisticated technologies, which are usually the privilege of management only. As has already been documented in management research, attempts to align the organizational stage with the strategic goal of the firms have regularly involved forms of management that deal with common culture and individual commitment in relation to an expected performance.
This organizational control, in return, can lead to alternative modes of organization and resistance when workers perceive this new mode of subordination and decide to implement alternative ways. One reason, among others, seems to be that relations and representations are shaped in each and every day act as part of its meaning and incorporated to human activities as part of the collective and its intentions. Reaching an agreement about what they should do and how they should be with each other is more difficult than pointing at what they should not want to do and be.
Another attempt at objectivizing control via representations is possibly more radical in nature, or so theatre directors and comedians claim it is. It involves focusing on the representations themselves and their collective production so as to instantiate them by putting them in the spotlight.
For such purposes, time and space are required for actors to collectively reflect and imagine. Acknowledging that no work situation is ever free from power relations, we wonder in what ways working on power issues in an artistic stage safeguards actors from domination and favours spontaneous commitment and cooperation.
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Quelle prise en compte des managers, du contexte organisationnel et de ses contraintes? Building on the endogenous routine dynamic perspective, we aim to understand the micro-foundations of capability transfer in post-acquisition integration. Based on a single, longitudinal case study of an acquisition in the consultancy sector, we apply a practice-based lens to study the intended combination of two existing routines in an acquisition process and why its implementation turned out to be a failure.
Our findings suggest that seemingly matching capabilities were not compatible in practice as the underlying sequences of action were incompatible and their embeddedness in its intra- and inter-organizational ecology of routines was not considered. Our article sheds light on the role of routines in acquisition integration and contributes to literature by discussing a the prevailing role of the interconnectedness of routines in effective capability transfer and b discrepancies between ostensive and performative aspects of routines as impediments to the implementation of the pre-acquisition plan in the post-acquisition phase.
The present paper seeks to contribute to the understanding of the role played by materiality in institutional work Lawrence and Suddaby, To do so, we consider practices as a key point to define institutions Greenwood et al. In particular, our study investigates how objects either physical or not play a role in institutional work through practices. Thanks to a field case study of the French recorded music industry , based on observation data, secondary data and interviews gathered in four sub-cases, we deliver narratives of how objects together with actors, shape micro-practices - therefore emergent patterns of practices, and play an active role in creating, maintaining or disrupting institutionalized practices at the field level.
A so called grouping is both a process and the result of that process. It constitute the level where institutional work is enacted. Second, our study suggests the addition of two specific kinds of component objects in the researcher toolbox to investigate materiality: bridge objects and community objects. Gazier B. Giraud B.
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